Apr 052011
 

2a) PAST INDEFINITE

Aff.: Sub+V2
He wrote a letter.

Neg.:Sub+did+not+V1
They did not play match yesterday.

Int.: Did+sub+V1
Did they go for a walk?

Int. & Neg.:Did+sub+not+V1
Did you not take your lunch?

2b) PAST CONTINUOUS

Aff.: Sub+was/were+V1+ing
Gita was making tea.

Neg.: Sub+was/were+not+V1+ing
You were not reading.

Int. : Was/Were+sub+V1+ing
Were they running?

Int. & Neg. : Was/Were+sub+not+V1+ing
Were children not taking bath?

2c) PAST PERFECT

Aff.: Sub+had+V3
We had watched TV.
The train had left by then.

Neg.: Sub+had+not+V3
I had not played.
Rakesh had not come for three months.

Int.: Had+sub+V3
Had they won?

Int. & Neg.: Had+sub+not+V3
Had they not washed the clothes?

Note: Mostly the sentences are made in this tense when an action completed before a point of time in past: i) The guests had not reached till Sunday. ii) The movie had started before I reached home. iii) She had completed her work before 3pm.

2d) PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS

Aff.: Sub+had+been+V1+ing+since/for
She had been helping me for three years.

Neg.:Sub+had+not+been+V1+ing+since/for
He had not been watching TV since noon.

Int.: Had+sub+been+V1+ing+since/for
Had they been gossiping for 2 hours?

Int. & Neg.: Had+sub+not+been+V1+ing+ since/for
Had you not been going to office for last two days?

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