Apr 052011
 

1a) PRESENT INDEFINITE/SIMPLE

Affirmative: Sub+V1
I write a letter.
She makes a doll.
Note:Use s/es with the 1st form of the verb if the Subject is He/She/It or singular Noun (boy, player, teacher, Mohan, Sita etc).
Negative: Sub+do/does+not+V1
We do not write poems.
Ram does not play football.
Interrogative: Do/Does+sub+V1
Do you go to market?
Does he go for a walk?
Int. & Neg.: Do/Does+sub+not+V1
Do we not work?

1b) PRESENT CONTINUOUS
Affirmative: Sub+is/am/are+V1+ing
Mohan is reading.
Negative: Sub+is/am/are+not +V1+ing
They are not playing cricket.
Interrogative: Is/Am/Are+sub+V1+ing
Is he going?
Int. & Neg.: Is/Am/Are+sub+not+V1+ing
Are you not playing cricket?

1c) PRESENT PERFECT
Aff.: Sub+has/have+V3
She has made tea.
Neg.: Sub+has/have+not+V3
They have not taken medicine.
He has not come since Monday.
Int.: Has/Have+sub+V3
Have they slept?
Int. & Neg.: Has/Have+sub+not+V3
Have you not done your home-work?

1d) PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS
Aff.: Sub+has/have+been+V1+ing+since/for
I have been reading since 5 O’clock.
Neg.:Sub+has/have+not+been+V1+ ing+ Since/for
Ravi has not been playing since evening.
Int.: Has/Have+sub+been+V1+ing+since/for
Have you been working for ten minutes?
Int. & Neg.:Has/Have+sub+not+been+VI+ing+since/for
Has she not been praying for five minutes?

Since: (For point of time) 10am, 6 O’clock, morning, 21st May, January,2002, when, then, yesterday, last year/month etc.

For: (For period of time) 2 days, 4 minutes, 2 hours, 7 months, 3 years, many days/months etc.

Note: Since or for is also used in perfect tense.

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