Jan 242017
 
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Roy: Where is the clock?
Lisa: The clock is on the wall.

Lisa: Roy, I have been searching for my book for many hours. Have you any idea about it?
Roy: Lisa, here is your book under the table. I have found it.

Teacher: Exams will start at 8 a.m. Be on time.
Students: Ok sir!

There is one common thing among these three sentences and that is prepositions like on, at, and under.

A preposition is a word placed before a Noun, Pronoun or Verb to show its relation to some other word in the sentence.

We need prepositions in all kinds of conversations but most of the times, people get confused where they should use beside-besides, in-at, on-upon and many more.

The following list of prepositions with easy examples will help you understand them better.

1. Beside and Besides

Rules:

“Beside” means by the side of.

“Besides” means in addition to.

How not to do it.

1. Rohan always sits besides me in the class.

2. Beside English she is learning French.

How to do it properly.

1. Rohan always sits beside me in the class.

2. Besides English she is learning French.

2. On and Upon

Rules:

“On” means something at rest.

“Upon” means something in movement.

How not to do it.

1. When I visited zoo I saw Monkey jumping on a girl.

2. Books are upon the table.

How to do it properly.

1. When I visited zoo I saw Monkey jumping upon a girl.

2. Books are on the table.

3. In and At

Rules:

“In” is used along with countries, states, cities etc.
“In” is used to indicate unspecific times during a day, month, season, year.

“At” is used along with small places, small villages.
“At” is used to point out specific time.

How not to do it.

Along with countries, states, cities, small places and small villages.

1. Neha told me that she had watched a movie in mall previous weekend.

2. Roy : where does your brother live?
Monica: My brother lives at London.

How to do it properly.

1. Neha told me that she had watched a movie at mall previous weekend.

2. Roy: Where does your brother live?
Monica: My brother lives in London.

How not to do it. (Time)

1. Lisa: When did meeting start?
Roy: Meeting started in 10 a.m.

2. The new batch will start at February.

How to do it properly.

1. Lisa: When did meeting start?
Roy: Meeting started at 10 a.m.

2. The new batch will start in February.

4. Up and Down

Rules:

“Up” means from a low to high position.

“Down” means from high to low position.

How not to do it.

1. River flows upwards.

2. Airplane flies downwards.

How to do it properly.

1. River flows downwards.

2. Airplane flies upwards.

5. Under and Beneath.

Rules:

“Under” means lower than.
1.Used to talk about 3- dimensional object like table, sofa, chair etc.
2.Used to express mental state and also used with numbers.

“Beneath” means to a lower position.
1. Covered by Something.
2. Used to talk about true emotion that a person is hiding.

How not to do it.

1. You can not drive a car because you are beneath 18.

2. When I and my mother came home, my brother was sleeping under blanket.

3. After failing in exams she was beneath stress.

4. She told me that she had fought with Roy previous night but I think under it all, she still loves him.

How to do it properly.

1. You can not drive a car because you are under 18.

2. When I and my mother came home my brother was sleeping beneath blanket.

3. After failing in exams she was under stress.

4. She told me that she had fought with Roy previous night but I think beneath it all, she still loves him.

6. Into and Out of

Rules:

“Into” is to go from outside a space to inside a space. 

“Out of” is to go from inside a space to outside a space.

How not to do it.

1. Students have to come out of the class to attend a lecture.

2. Students have to come into the class to go back home.

How to do it properly.

1. Students have to come into the class to attend a lecture.

2. Students have to come out of the class to go back home.

7. Towards and Away from

Rules:

” Towards” If you go towards something, you get closer to it.

“Away from” If you go away from something, you get farther away from it.

How not to do it.

1. This is a first step away from your success.

2. Thief ran towards a girl as soon as he snatched her bag.

How to do it properly.

1. This is a first step towards your success.

2. Thief ran away from a girl as soon as he snatched her bag.

 Posted by at 9:10 pm

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